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Tapestry, gardens, jewelry… when art goes green

Nature is also admired through the prism of art. Several museums have thus decided to celebrate its beauty through a series of exhibitions devoted to plants. From jewelry in Paris to tapestry in Aubusson via the gardens of the Chaumont-sur-Loire estate, the artistic forms are numerous and significant of the richness of the representation of natural environments on different media over the centuries.

Dialogue between jewelry and art at the Beaux-Arts de Paris

Until September 4, the beauty of nature invites itself to the Beaux-Arts de Paris. Maison Chaumet, which specializes in jewelry, has drawn on its vast heritage, one of the most important in the history of jewelry in Europe, to make it resonate with all artistic forms on the theme of plants.

In total, nearly four hundred works (paintings, sculptures, textiles, photographs, furniture, etc.), representing nearly seven thousand years of art and science, are presented and told through dialogue with eighty Chaumet jewelery objects as well as other houses. The whole thing takes the form of a herbarium composed from the species present in the jewels and which appear in the exhibition, in a forest, a pond or a field of wheat…

The immersive journey is free from any chronology, allowing the visitor to move from a parietal fresco more than 5,000 years old to two canvases by Giuseppe Archimboldo, then from a work by Delacroix to a photograph by Mapplethorpe. The exhibition allows you to rediscover great female figures such as the Empress Joséphine, passionate about natural sciences, or Laurence Equilbey who imagined the sound design.

On the occasion of the exhibition, Maison Chaumet has restored some thirty works, from the so-called “pearl necklace” table given to Louis XIV by Cardinal Barberini to the bouquet of porcelain flowers from the 18the of the National Ceramics Museum of Sèvres. The immense tapestry with a thousand flowers of the XVIe century that concludes the exhibition benefits from a restoration of its borders.

In Aubusson, the plant is displayed as a tapestry

Fine cut greenery (2).jpg
Fine greenery with the arms of Bruhl, Jean Joseph Dumon, Manufacture de Landriève Aubusson

It is a unifying theme that has run through the entire history of tapestry since the 16e century. Plants have been the subject, since last year, of various exhibitions within the TRAME(s) network, which brings together six cultural institutions of the Massif Central in order to promote and promote tapestry to all audiences.

Place this time at the International City of Tapestry in Aubusson (Creuse) which honors until September 18 certain little exhibited pieces from the collections with in particular “greenery”, these tapestries whose subject is centered on the representation of elements from the animal and vegetable kingdoms and which are the emblematic production of the Aubusson workshops.

The exhibition also focuses on the renovation of the tapestry, at the end of the 1930s with Elie Maingonnat, who gives an important place in his works to nature and the landscapes of Limousin. Witness the four monumental tapestries designed by Marcel Gromaire at the request of the Mobilier national in 1939, each one associating a French region with a season of the year and extending over 4.30m in length and three in height.

The theme of the garden, both subject and source of materials for Aubusson weavings, is addressed there. Dyes of natural origin were the first to be used in tapestry for coloring fibers before being gradually replaced by synthetic dyes. The exhibition presents contemporary projects that once again employ these skills, such as the artist Régine Graille who creates a tapestry in wool and silk dyed with natural pigments by the artist and designer Aboubakar Fofana.

Finally, some of the tapestries by the monk and painter Dom Robert or the new Aubusson greenery by Goliath Dyèvre and Quentin Vaulot question the state of nature and lead to ecological questioning.

The quest for the “ideal garden” in Chaumont-sur-Loire

The living batik, Inch Lim

It is a haven of greenery and architecture in the heart of the Loire Valley, listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since 1992, the Domaine de Chaumont-sur-Loire has created, over nearly 32 hectares, more than 860 gardens, making this place a kind of artistic utopia and an open-air laboratory, alive in every season and in perpetual metamorphosis. .

This year coincides with the thirty years of the International Garden Festival, until November 6th. As every year, artists and visual artists from all over the world and from the different worlds of plants, architecture, design, decoration, but also biology, botany or ecology, are invited to design nearly thirty ephemeral gardens.

The theme chosen this year is that of the “ideal garden”. ” All the virtues, all the qualities of the garden and all the constraints of our time had to be considered and proposed by the designers, who had to renounce no innovation, no proposal, to make their plot a concentrate of beauty, emotion , benefits, but also knowledge and know-how », explains Chantal Colleu-Dumond, director of the Estate and of the International Garden Festival.

Among these innovations, the use of unexpected materials, such as stained glass colored water pockets or recycled plastic fountains and innovative drainage systems, daring water purification solutions or original irrigation methods.

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