The RTTs are sacred for Yohan, 25 years old. “I use them to rest, take care of administrative papers or do repairs at home”, he explains. This Girondin spends 39 hours a week in a private sports center in staggered hours, some evenings until 11 p.m. This overrun of 35 hours makes him eligible for two days of monthly RTT. Transform this rest at home into increased working hours between 10 to 25%? No way for the young man.
This proposal, supported by LR deputies and supported by the presidential majority, was nevertheless adopted on August 4 by Parliament during the vote on the amending budget for 2022. Private sector employees who work more than 35 hours will thus be able to convert their working hours RTT in remuneration (tax-free for those who are affected by income tax), with the agreement of the employer and within the limit of 7,500 euros, until the end of 2025.
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These will be exempt from all social contributions and income tax. A measure which could concern the 45% of private sector employees who are entitled to RTT – not counting executives, who are all entitled to RTT apart from managers – according to the latest figures from the Ministry of Labor (dating from 2011).
Soon, Yohan could therefore choose to give up his RTT to work 4 hours more per week, at an increased rate. An immediate gain in purchasing power according to the proponents of the text, a masquerade according to the Nupes, the unions… and Yohan. How is choosing between your rest time and your wallet a step forward?
“I don’t really like this measure: it’s just a way of not increasing salaries”, he asserts, he who receives 1,600 euros monthly. “It’s a patch on an issue that affects many of us. »
Redemption of RTTs, back-to-school bonus… LR parliamentarians relish their new role as arbiter in Parliament
“In 2019, I lost 70 hours of RTT”
With this reform, the small music of the ” Work more to earn more “, popularized by Nicolas Sarkozy in 2007, is more than ever in tune with the times. In a column in the “Journal du Dimanche”, 16 left-wing personalities, including ecologists Yannick Jadot and Eric Piolle, denounce a penknife in the 35-hour regime, adopted in 2002 under the Jospin era, and then planed by numerous exceptions in professional branches.
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The government boasts, on the contrary, the end of the waste of RTT days, which are lost when they are not taken by the employees… or refused by the employer. The proposal is therefore attractive in certain sectors such as health, where some employees are annoyed at not being able to place their RTTs. Charlotte, 35, is one of them.
For this salaried nurse in a health center near Caen, exceeding seven daily hours is daily. “My days can last up to 12 or even 2 p.m.,” she confirms. Which naturally boosts his RTT counter. However, since her entry into a permanent contract in 2018, she has made the same observation at the end of each year: the RTTs accumulate without her being able to take full advantage of them.
“In 2019, I lost 70 hours. In 2021, it was 50 hours, yet I managed to put three days of RTT some months “, says Charlotte, who earns 1,600 euros per month.
To use an RTT, she absolutely must find a replacement, usually her colleague at the centre. ” They [sa direction] put pressure on us so that each can replace the other. But when you try to put RTTs at the same time, it’s the snake that bites its own tail,” she says. To remedy this, Charlotte and her colleague have a list of substitutes they feed and a little tip: “We take nursing students on third-year internships and for the summer, we offer them to replace us to launch them into the profession. » But the task remains complex and the young woman sees a good eye on the monetization of these RTTs. “I would like to be left with the choice to do what we want with it”, she summarizes.
When the RTT replaces the day off
Conversely, Pierre has no problem placing his RTTs and is satisfied with the system in place. This 30-year-old industrial operator in the Oise works 37 hours a week. Forced to work on presses at more than 170 degrees in an overheated factory, his 8 hours of rest per month are precious. ” Right now I’m using them for medical appointments as I’m expecting a baby. But in general, I stay at home to rest! “, he explains. Among these hours of rest, three are said “employers”, that is to say imposed by his boss. The future dad has therefore never lost an opportunity to ask for a day of RTT. “J‘m lucky not to be in a club where they are boring with it”he says.
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” Even when I ask for a day off, I prefer the RTT [à la place du jour de congé] because the period for laying it is shorter “.
It is for this same reason that Olivier *, 32, is keen on his RTT, he who goes on fixed-term contracts in the public service. Administrative agent in the South since May, he still has not been able to take advantage of a single day off. “Most of the CDIs have taken their leave for six months and we have a percentage of face-to-face to respect each day”, he explains. “I hope that in September it will be more flexible”.
On the other hand, his management grants him his monthly RTT day more easily. He uses it to rest, to go to the doctor or to administrative services only open during office hours. A meager compensation for not being able to take his leave: his last vacation dates back to October 2021. “To continue like that without a rest period, it’s hot. And I know in advance that I won’t have holidays during the holiday season…”, he sighs.
Even if the reform will not concern the public sector at first, Olivier would worry about seeing his RTT metamorphose into increased hours. According to the majority, the initiative for monetization can only come from the employee and not from the employer. But nothing prevents the latter from putting pressure to encourage an employee to work more, which Olivier fears. “For CDIs who have their holidays, why not. But for people like me on fixed-term contracts, precarious, this is not the right plan”.
22 days of annual RTT
The majority defends a measure that would immediately support low wages, but the reform will in fact greatly benefit employees on “day packages”. The vast majority of them are non-executive company executives. Their working time is not calculated according to the 35 hours but according to their days worked. In addition, according to a study by DARES in 2017, executives have an average of 33 days of annual leave and RTT, 7 days more than employees or workers.
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These executives could already barter part of their RTT for salary before the measure, but it also removes tax and contribution on these paid hours, which Mickaël, 45, applauds. This data science executive at La Défense (Hauts-de-Seine) is already monetizing part of his 22 days of annual RTT. He says he doesn’t know what to do with the rest, and even reluctantly put down days last May.
“I spent eleven days at home going around in circles. If I could, I wouldn’t have put them down and converted them into wages.” he chuckles.
These are “dare vacations for nothing” according to him, if he cannot go with his family somewhere to enjoy it. His management already authorizes him to convert a maximum of 10 days into hours worked, increased by 15%, which he hastens to do every year. “Over 12 months, that already gives me half a month’s salary,” he calculates. Or 2,000 euros, not counting his bonuses and his 13th month. “With this supplement, we can afford vacations with my two children and my wife,” he notes, satisfied. But that’s still not enough for him.
“I would like to be able to place all my RTTs and be even more free. Even if these hours are paid at 100% [sans la majoration de 15 %] »
If the reform does not force him to authorize the monetization of more than 10 days of RTT, Mickaël’s employer will undoubtedly be satisfied with the flat-rate deduction of employer charges on these overtime hours. What, perhaps, to raise in the future this ceiling of 10 days, for the greatest pleasure of Mickaël.
* The first name has been changed